In this growing world, technology is developed from time to time, making it one of those technological developments that many people can benefit from. It is well known that computer technology makes it easier for us to complete our tasks. Moreover, today all work is associated with computers, whether it is at home or in the office. You may be feeling the benefits of this computer technology. But have you ever wondered who made computer first?
This computer technology can evolve like any other technology. As computer technology develops, this single object becomes more complex and takes longer to complete. Therefore, without a computer at the moment, it is highly unlikely that you will have difficulty completing a task or job on time.
We find that computer technology is getting more and more complex, and computers possess more and more storage to accommodate the many tasks and jobs we have. In addition, computers can also be connected to the Internet, making it easier to communicate with others and allowing you to work online. In other words, computers can be used to support the way we work and get our work done.
The development of computers shows that computers continue to evolve in line with the times and the development of technology. Every development that occurs in computer technology is a revision of previous computer inventions.
If you are wondering who is made computer first. The computer itself was originally invented by a scientist named Charles Babbage and then continued to be developed by subsequent inventors. Below are more details about the scientist involved in the development of the computer. So read this article to the end.
What Is Computer?
Before discussing who made computer first and who was involved in the development of what many people use today, the first thing to discuss is our understanding of the computer itself. The word “computer” actually comes from the Latin computare, which means to count. Therefore, we can say that the computer is just a tool for calculation.
A computer is also meant as an automated electronic device that carefully calculates or processes data according to instructions, provides processing results, and communicates with multimedia systems (movies, music, television, fax, etc.). You can operate and control unit.
Basically, a computer consists of various components and is actually an electronic device with programming that can process data and provide information to the user. Computers can process data and provide information to users because each computer works together or is well connected. The term “computer” as a usable electronic device began to appear in the 19th century.
Damage to computer components can result in sub-optimal overall computer system performance. However, if the computer components are not damaged, they work together and connect properly to maximize the functionality of the computer system.
A computer system that can function optimally can run a program according to instructions. We, the users, obtain the information provided by the computer from programs that are executed on command. Computer components usually consist of hardware, hardware, software, or software.
Hardware usually consists of a processor, hard disk, motherboard, RAM, ROM, etc. Programs, on the other hand, are usually programs such as your computer’s operating system and various applications (photo applications, video applications, games, etc.).
Each piece of software is installed on the device. Once installed on a device, the software will act appropriately according to the user’s commands or requests. In other words, we can say that a computer is an electronic device that can perform a variety of tasks, from inputting data to processing data to outputting information.
Advantages of Computer
1. Become a means of communication
First, one of the advantages of computers that almost everyone perceives is that they become a means of communication. The advantage of computers as a tool of communication has grown considerably in recent years.
2. Make work easier
Basically, computers were created to facilitate all kinds of work that humans do. This can be proved in the present day. Computers help almost all humans in various fields such as offices, banks, accountants, etc., and provide more and more services in all businesses.
3. Primary media for programmers
As the world of information and communication technology develops, the need for computers to meet human needs increases. The development of the world has created more opportunities for novice programmers to innovate in the fields of technology and information.
Who Invented Computer First?
Charles Babbage has been called the “Father of the Computer” based on several historical records showing that he was the one who first invented the computer. Charles Babbage was so fond of mathematics that he continued his education at Cambridge University in 1810.
Charles Babbage was born on 26th of December 1791, in London, England. He was very interested in the world of mathematics, especially the physiology of calculus. Apparently, Charles Babbage was made a member of the Royal Society in 1816, thanks to his mathematical prowess.
From 1820 to 1821, Charles Babbage became interested in arithmetic machines when invented first computer. He started writing and developing a machine called the Difference Engine. The machine he built has the ability to assemble mathematical tables.
Charles Babbage, always wanting to develop his own inventions, came up with the idea that his mechanism could not only perform one type of arithmetic operation for him but could also solve many different types of arithmetic operations as an idea obtained by Charles Babbage appeared in 1832.
After developing the Invention Engine (Difference Engine), Charles Babbage finally started to have success, and his mechanism could not only perform one type of operation but also handle common symbols. Not only that, but this machine, built by Charles Babbage, who was the inventor of the first computer. The engine that was successfully developed in 1856 was called the Analysis Engine.
Not only that, but the analytical engine created and developed by Charles Babbage has the characteristics of a modern computer. In this case, modern features include the use of punch cards, the presence of working memory slots for entering numbers, and many other basic computer components.
From 1828 to 1839, Charles Babbage was awarded the title of “Lucasian,” his Chair of Mathematics (the title of the most famous professor of mathematics in the world). Charles Babbage’s degree was obtained from the University of Cambridge.
On October 18, 1871, Charles Babbage died, leaving behind a very valuable invention: the computer, his engine. He died at the age of 79. Thanks to this valuable discovery, the computer electronics can be used correctly and optimally.
Characteristics Of Different Generations of Computers
Computer development itself is divided into five generations. Starting with the first generation in what year was the computer invented in 1940 to 1959, up to the fifth generation pioneered by Japan Each generation has characteristics that distinguish it. Here is a full explanation.
1. The first generation (1940–1959)
First-generation computers were by Charles Babbage who first made computer characterized by their large physical size. Due to their large physical size, they also require large amounts of electrical energy. The components used are in the form of vacuum tubes.
Programs are written in machine language using the concept of program storage. Data can be stored on magnetic tapes and magnetic disks. Examples of first-generation computers include the industrial IBM 705 built in 1959 and the IBM 701 built in 1953 as a large commercial computer.
2. Second generation (1959–1965)
Second-generation computers use components in the form of transistors, which are smaller than vacuum tubes. However, the main memory capacity is very large, and the boot process is fast. Second-generation computers also have real-time processing and time-sharing capabilities.
Another evolution from the first generation of computers to the second generation is in magnetic disks and magnetic tapes, already in the form of removable disks. Examples of second-generation computers include the PDP-5 and PDP-8 computers, manufactured in 1963 as the first small commercial computers. Other examples include the IBM 1400, IBM 7070, and NCR 300.
3. Third generation (1965-1970)
Third-generation computers are actually smaller in size because they use IV components (integrated circuits) to save power. Manipulation processes also run faster and more accurately with much more memory capacity. The magnetic disk used has random access characteristics.
Computers of this generation are also capable of multiprogramming, multiprocessing, and data communication between computers. Input and output devices have also become more complex with visual display terminals. Examples of 3rd generation computers include the PDP-11, CDC 3000, IBM S/30, and Nova.
4. 4th generation (1970-2000s)
The personal computer (PC) began its development in this generation. For example, Apple II Computer memory is already in the form of microprocessor chips and semiconductors with LSIs, also known as LSIs. An example of a computer with a microprocessor chip is the IBM 370 computer, but since 1981, many computers have already used a mouse and Windows.
5. Fifth generation (for now)
Japan is the pioneer of fifth-generation computers. They used massive integration and artificial intelligence to allow computers to solve problems on their own. Additionally, computers of this generation display millions of colors at very high resolutions. Later, with the development of 5th generation computer technology, it became possible to create a laptop.